Fard & Wajib Acts of Hajj
1. There are three acts that are
If any Fardh is missed or omitted for any reason, Hajj will not be properly accomplished. Moreover, It is mandatory to perform every one of these Faraidh in the prescribed order at its appointed time and place. We will only emphasize the mandatory acts of Fardh and Wajib in this section. The entire process of Hajj in an easy and progressive manner is dealt with a subsequent section.
- Assume Ihram10 and make intention(Niyyah) for Hajj, recite Talbiyah11. The Intention should be done before leaving for Mina in the morning of 8thDhul-Hijjah.
- Note: It is permissible to leave for Mina the previous night i.e. evening of 7th Dhul-Hijjah.
- Wuquf at Arafah, stay at Arafah even if it is for a moment, in the time between Zawal (Noon) of the 9th Dhul-Hijjah and the dawn of the 10th Dhul-Hijjah.
- Tawaf Al-Ziyarah: It may be performed any time from the morning of the 10th Dhul-Hijjah till the sunset of the 12th Dhul-Hijjah after ritual shaving.
Very Important Note: Intention of Umrah and Hajj should be made separately.
2. Wajibaat of Hajj
There are six acts of Wajib in Hajj. If any Wajib is left out intentionally or inadvertently, it does not make the Hajj invalid, but Jaza (reparation for the mistake) will be due for the omission, in the form of Damm (Qurbani/animal sacrifice) or Sadaqah (giving food or corn as alms to the poor in a fixed quantity). Please keep in mind that omitting a Wajib without any excuse is a sin that cannot be absolved by Jaza unless the pilgrim repents and seeks forgiveness of Allah. Therefore, one should be determined not to leave any Wajib.
- Wuqoof(Stay)at Muzdalifah
- Sa’ee (Circumambulating the Ka’ba)
- Rami (Pelting Stones) Jamarat.
- Qurbani (Sacrifice of Animal)
- Shave or Cut Hair (Halq or Qasr)
- Tawaful Wida (Farewell Tawaf)
For a detailed or typical information kindly contact authentic scholars.
The person with whom marriage is prohibited is a Mahram,(i.e. for a woman, her father, son, grandchildren, son-in-law, father-in-law, maternal uncle, paternal uncle, foster brother12 are all mahram). However, sons of paternal/maternal uncles/aunts, brother in law, artificially "made" mahram13 etc. are non-mahram and it is not permissible to journey with them. Moreover, it is important that anyone who is classified as a Mahram, but whose modesty and dignity is questionable, or if one is not at ease with him, then it is not permissible to journey with such a Mahram, no matter how closely one is related to him.
It is prohibited for a woman to travel for a distance of forty-eight miles (approx. 78km) or more without a Mahram or her husband. This rule applies, irrespective of the mode of transport i.e. rail, road or air, and the purpose of the journey, whether it is a religious or a worldly one.
Hadhrat Abdullah bin Abbas (r.a.) narrates from Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh)
"Never should a man (non-mahram) be secluded with a woman, and never should a woman journey but with a Mahram. Hearing this one person said"- I have written my name for Jihad and my wife has departed for Hajj. Prophet (PBUH) said: "Go and join your wife for Hajj." (Bukhari/Muslim).