• Wudhu20 is essential during Tawaf. Perform Wudhu anew if it is nullified21 before completing first four circuits (circles around the Ka’ba), and start performing Tawaf anew. But if Wudhu is nullified after first four circuits, resume Tawaf from where you had discontinued. Alternatively, you can also begin a new Tawaf.
  • Enter the Masjid Al-Haram through Bab Al-Salam (if possible). Recite supplications as discussed in the above topic “Entering the Masjid Al-Haram”

Note: Tahiyyatul-Masjid is not to be performed when intending to perform Tawaf.

  • Idhtibaa: Men to do Idhtibaa’ i.e. to take Ihram sheet under the right armpit and cover left shoulder.
  • Niyyah/Intention:Stand facing Hajr Al-Aswad in such a way that the Hajr Al-Aswad remains to your right side (one step away from the imaginary line joining the Hajr Al-Aswad and the green light, positioned in the building for this purpose)
  • Make the Niyyah for Tawaf of Umrah. (It is Wajib/compulsory)

Transliteration: Allahumma Innee ureedu Tawafa Baitikal Harami Fayassirhu Li Wata Qabbal Minni

(O Allah, I am making intention of Tawaf of Ka’ba, make it easy for me and accept it from me)

  • Isteqbal Al-Ka’ba: This is done only once at the beginning of Tawaf. Stand in front of Hajr Al-Aswad facing towards it, recite the below ‘Takbir’ while raising your hands up till your earlobes, palms facing Hajr Al-Aswad.

“Allahu Akbar”

Istilaam: Raise your hands up, till your chest, palms facing Hajr Al-Aswad, recite the below du’a and then push hands out towards Hajr Al-Aswad, pull back and kiss your palms.

“Bismillahi Allahu Akbar Walillahil Hamd”

  • Proceed with the Tawaf; men should perform ramal (meaning brisk-walking, chest out; soldier-like march) for first 3 circuits only; the rest of the 4 circuits of Tawaf should be completed in a normal way. Women should not to do the act of Ramal and should perform Tawaf at a normal pace.
  • Do not turn the chest or back towards Ka’ba in Tawaf at any time except during Istilaam; feet must be in the direction of Tawaf even at this time.
  • If possible, slightly touch Rukn Al-Yamani (corner before Hajr Al-Aswad) with your right hand during Tawaf; if not possible due to a huge crowd, do not do anything else (like a waving action, etc.) but proceed on as normal. It is not permissible to touch Rukn Al-Yamani in the state of Ihram because it is perfumed. Recite the following while in between Rukn Al-Yamani and Hajr Al-Aswad.

“O Our Rabb (Sustainer)! Give to us in this world that which is best and in the Hereafter that which is best, and save us from the torment of the Hell, and let us be with the righteous in the Paradise. O Rabb of the worlds.”

  • Now, stop at Hajr Al-Aswad, do Istilaam before every circuit and also upon completion of the last circuit (8 times).
  • Put back Ihram sheet on your shoulder, offer two Rakats Salah of Wajib (compulsory) of Tawaf (however, care must be taken to observe if the time is makrooh for salaat. If so, the salaat should be delayed) preferably at Station of Ibrahim (PBUH) or elsewhere in the Haram.
  • If possible, make Du'a at Multazam. (or anywhere nearby)
  • Then proceed to drink Zam-Zam; drink zam-zam in abundance; recite the applicable masnoon du’a and any other Du’as.
  • Come in front of Hajr Al-Aswad and do Istilaam again. This is the 9th Istilaam.


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